danger

英 ['deɪn(d)ʒə] 美 ['dendʒɚ]
  • n. 危险;危险物,威胁
  • n. (Danger)人名;(法)当热
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danger
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danger 担急(叫人担心着急)
danger 危险

来自法语,来自拉丁语dominus, 统治,主人,词源同domino, domineer. 原指君主的权力,君主的威严,引申义危险。参照汉语成语伴君如伴虎。拼写参照同源词daunt.

danger
danger: [13] Etymologically, danger is a parallel formation to dominion. It comes ultimately from Vulgar Latin *domniārium ‘power or sway of a lord, dominion, jurisdiction’, a derivative of Latin dominus ‘lord, master’. English acquired the word via Old French dangier and Anglo- Norman daunger, retaining the word’s original sense until the 17th century (‘You stand within his [Shylock’s] danger, do you not?’ says Portia to Antonio in Shakespeare’s Merchant of Venice).

But things had been happening to its meaning in Old French, particularly in the phrase estre en dangier ‘be in danger’. The notions of being in someone’s danger (that is, ‘in his power, at his mercy’) and of being in danger of something (that is, ‘liable to something unpleasant, such as loss or punishment’ – a sense preserved in the 1611 translation of the Sermon on the Mount: ‘Whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment’, Matthew 5:22) led directly to the sense ‘peril’, acquired by English in the 14th century.

=> dame, dome, dominate, dominion, dungeon
danger (n.)
mid-13c., "power of a lord or master, jurisdiction," from Anglo-French daunger, Old French dangier "power, power to harm, mastery, authority, control" (12c., Modern French danger), alteration (due to assoc. with damnum) of dongier, from Vulgar Latin *dominarium "power of a lord," from Latin dominus "lord, master" (see domain).

Modern sense of "risk, peril" (from being in the control of someone or something else) evolved first in French and was in English late 14c. Replaced Old English pleoh; in early Middle English this sense is found in peril.
1. Subconsciously I had known that I would not be in personal danger.
我潜意识里已经知道我不会有人身危险。

来自柯林斯例句

2. The real danger is civil unrest in the east of the country.
真正的危险是该国东部地区的民众动乱。

来自柯林斯例句

3. If there is a danger of famine, we should help.
如果有可能出现饥荒,我们应该提供帮助。

来自柯林斯例句

4. There'sa danger of the government falling because it will lose its majority.
政府将因失去其占多数的优势而有倒台的危险。

来自柯林斯例句

5. When in danger, the anteater lashes its tail round a branch.
遇有危险,食蚁兽会迅速用尾巴卷住树枝。

来自柯林斯例句

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