CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研
1. Latin curvus, from curvare "bend" => curb "enclosed or curved framework".
2. => "strap passing under the jaw of a horse" (used to restrain the animal).
3. curb “克步”→抑制
- curb:  Ultimately, curb and curve are the same word. Latin curvāre ‘bend’ passed into Old French as courber, which Middle English borrowed as courbe ‘bend’. This seems to have formed the basis of a noun courbe or curb, which was originally used for a strap to restrain a horse, the underlying meaning perhaps being that pulling on the strap ‘bent’ the horse’s neck, thereby restraining it.
The sense ‘enclosing framework’ began to emerge in the early 16th century, perhaps mainly through the influence of the French noun courbe, which meant ‘curved piece of timber, iron, etc used in building’. Its chief modern descendant is ‘pavement edge’, a 19th-century development, which has generally been spelled kerb in British English.
=> circle, crown, curve
- curb (n.)
- late 15c., "strap passing under the jaw of a horse" (used to restrain the animal), from Old French courbe (12c.) "curb on a horse," from Latin curvus, from curvare "to bend" (see curve (v.)). Meaning "enclosed framework" is from 1510s, probably originally with a notion of "curved;" extended to margins of garden beds 1731; to "margin of stone between a sidewalk and road" 1791 (sometimes spelled kerb). Figurative sense of "a check, a restraint" is from 1610s.
- curb (v.)
- 1520s, of horses, "to lead to a curb," from curb (n.). Figurative use from 1580s. Related: Curbed; curbing.
- 1. Wade released the hand brake and pulled away from the curb.
- 2. A large, shiny black limo pulled up to the curb.
- 3. You must curb your extravagant tastes.
- 4. He needs to learn to curb his temper.
- 5. I began to curb my appetite for food and drink.
[ curb 造句 ]