- n. 地壳；外壳；面包皮；坚硬外皮
- vi. 结硬皮；结成外壳
- vt. 盖以硬皮；在…上结硬皮
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- crust:  Latin crusta meant ‘hard outer covering, shell’ (it is related to a number of words, including ultimately crystal, denoting a hard surface caused by freezing). Old French acquired it as crouste (the modern French form croûte formed the basis of croûton, borrowed into English in the early 19th century), and passed it on to Middle English as cruste. Crusta formed the basis of the modern Latin adjective crustāceus ‘having a shell’, applied in the early 19th century to the crustacea or crustaceans. And a custard was originally a kind of pie enclosed in a crust.
=> croûton, crystal, custard
- crust (v.)
- late 14c.; see crust (n.). Related: Crusted; crusting.
- crust (n.)
- early 14c., "hard outer part of bread," from Old French crouste (13c., Modern French croûte) and directly from Latin crusta "rind, crust, shell, bark," from PIE *krus-to- "that which has been hardened," from root *kreus- "to begin to freeze, form a crust" (cognates: Sanskrit krud- "make hard, thicken;" Avestan xruzdra- "hard;" Greek krystallos "ice, crystal," kryos "icy cold, frost;" Lettish kruwesis "frozen mud;" Old High German hrosa "ice, crust;" Old English hruse "earth;" Old Norse hroðr "scurf"). Meaning "outer shell of the earth" is from 1550s.
- 1. Sergeant Parrott normally spoke with an upper-crust accent.
- 2. The pastry crust was always underdone.
- 3. The crust of the bread is burnt.
- 4. In his early days, he would do almost anything to earn a crust from the sport.
- 5. The most ancient parts of the continental crust are 4000 million years old.
[ crust 造句 ]