- adj. 脆的；新鲜的；易碎的
- vt. 使卷曲；使发脆
- vi. 卷曲；发脆
- n. 松脆物；油炸马铃薯片
- n. (Crisp)人名；(英)克里斯普
CET6 TEM4 IELTS 考 研
2. cr- "bend, hooked" => Latin crispus 'curled'.
来自PIE*sker, 转，弯，词源同ring, curly. 词义由转，弯外延至卷，脆。
- crisp: [OE] Historically, crisp means ‘curly’. It was borrowed into Old English from Latin crispus ‘curled’ (which was also the source of French crêpe, acquired by English as crape in the 17th century and then reborrowed in the original French form in the 19th century). The reason for the emergence of the word’s modern sense ‘brittle’, which happened in the early 16th century, is not clear, it may simply be that the sound of the word suggested brittleness.
=> crape, crêpe
- crisp (adj.)
- Old English crisp "curly," from Latin crispus "curled, wrinkled, having curly hair," from PIE root *(s)ker- (3) "to turn, bend" (see ring (n.)). It began to mean "brittle" 1520s, for obscure reasons, perhaps based on what happens to flat things when they are cooked. Figurative sense of "neat, brisk" is from 1814; perhaps a separate word. As a noun, from late 14c. Potato crisps (the British version of U.S. potato chips) is from 1929.
- crisp (v.)
- late 14c., "to curl," from crisp (adj.). Meaning "to become brittle" is from 1805. Related: Crisped; crisping.
- 1. The potato cakes should be crisp outside and meltingly soft inside.
- 2. The air was thin and crisp, filled with hazy sunshine and frost.
- 3. Her house is light and airy, crisp and clean.
- 4. He wore a panama hat and a crisp white suit.
- 5. "Very well," I said, adopting a crisp authoritative tone.
[ crisp 造句 ]