1. cringe 与 crinkle 同源。
2. from Proto-Germanic *krank- "bend, curl up", probably from PIE root *ker-/*sker- "turn, bend".
3. => "give way, fall (in battle), become bent".
来自PIE*sker, 弯，转，词源同ring, curve. 词义由弯，转过渡到蜷缩，畏缩。
- cringe:  Like crank, cringe appears to come ultimately from a prehistoric Germanic base *krank- whose original meaning was ‘bend’ or ‘curl up’. This produced an Old English verb crincan ‘fall in battle, yield’ (the association of ‘curling up’ and ‘dying’ is obvious), probable ancestor of modern English crinkle . Crincan does not itself seem to be the source of cringe, which until the 16th century was usually spelled crenge or crench; to explain these eforms it is necessary to postulate *crencean, an unrecorded Old English causative derivative of crincan, meaning ‘cause to curl up’.
=> crank, crinkle
- cringe (v.)
- early 13c., from causative of Old English cringan "give way, fall (in battle), become bent," from Proto-Germanic *krank- "bend, curl up" (cognates: Old Norse kringr, Dutch kring, German Kring "circle, ring"). Related: Cringed; cringing. As a noun from 1590s.
- 1. Your foolish talk makes me cringe.
- 2. He abandoned every particle of self - respect cringe and fawn.
- 他把 自尊心 丢得一干二净.
- 3. His way of sleeping makes me cringe.
- 4. Those two words in the title might have made you cringe.
- 5. They can be impulsive , faithful and take risks others may cringe from.
- 在其他畏缩的时期,他们可能为所驱, 敦朴的担当风险.
[ cringe 造句 ]