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前缀a-同ex-, 向外。void, 空。指空出来的，撤退，避免。
- avoid:  Avoid at first meant literally ‘make void, empty’. It was formed in Old French from the adjective vuide ‘empty’ (source of English void , and derived from a hypothetical Vulgar Latin *vocitus, which is related ultimately to vacant). With the addition of the prefix es- ‘out’, a verb evuider was formed, which passed into English via Anglo-Norman avoider. The original sense ‘empty’ barely survived into the 17th century, but meanwhile it had progressed through ‘withdrawing, so as to leave someone alone or leave a place empty’ to ‘deliberately staying away from someone or something’.
=> vacant, void
- avoid (v.)
- c. 1300, from Anglo-French avoider "to clear out, withdraw (oneself)," partially anglicized from Old French esvuidier "to empty out," from es- "out" (see ex-) + vuidier "to be empty," from voide "empty, vast, wide, hollow, waste" (see void (adj.)). Originally a law term; modern sense of "have nothing to do with" also was in Middle English and corresponds to Old French eviter with which it was perhaps confused. Meaning "escape, evade" first attested 1520s. Related: Avoided; avoiding.
- 1. The couple married in the Caribbean to avoid a media circus.
- 2. He heard tires squeal as the car braked to avoid a collision.
- 3. To avoid damaging the tree, hammer a wooden peg into the hole.
- 4. Use different colours of felt pen on your sketch to avoid confusion.
- 5. I avoid working in places which are too public.
[ avoid 造句 ]