TEM4 IELTS GRE TOEFL
1. (出现了)老鼠拦车现象, 原来是雪崩了.
来自俗词源。avaler, 向下，同valance, 挂布。-anche, 同后缀ance.
- avalanche:  Not surprisingly, avalanche originated in the Alps. The French dialect of Savoy, an area near the Italian border in the western Alps, had a term lavantse, apparently derived from a Vulgar Latin *labanca (whence Provençal lavanca). Through association with the verb avaler ‘descend’ (see DOWN), this underwent metathesis (transposition of l and v) to produce in the Romansh language of Switzerland avalantze, which was borrowed into French as avalanche.
- avalanche (n.)
- 1763, from French avalanche (17c.), from Romansch (Swiss) avalantze "descent," altered (by metathesis of -l- and -v-, probably influenced by Old French avaler "to descend, go down") from Savoy dialect lavantse, from Provençal lavanca "avalanche," perhaps from a pre-Latin Alpine language (the suffix -anca suggests Ligurian). As a verb, from 1872.
- 1. Khalil heard the thunder of an avalanche.
- 2. alpine villages destroyed in an avalanche
- 3. They were killed by an avalanche in the Swiss Alps.
- 4. Headquarters was swamped by an avalanche of applications for battle assignments.
- 5. He was swept away in an avalanche.
[ avalanche 造句 ]