CET6 TEM4 IELTS GRE
- artillery:  Originally artillery meant ‘military supplies, munitions’ (Chaucer used it thus); it was not until the late 15th century that it came to be used for ‘weapons for firing missiles’ – originally catapults, bows, etc. The source of the English word was Old French artillerie, a derivative of the verb artiller ‘equip, arm’. This was an alteration of an earlier form atillier, probably influenced by art, but the ultimate provenance of atillier is not clear.
Some etymologists trace it back to a hypothetical Latin verb *apticulāre ‘make fit, adapt’, a derivative of aptus ‘fitting’ (source of English apt and adapt); others regard it as a variant of Old French atirier ‘arrange, equip’ (source of English attire ), which was based on tire ‘order, rank’, a noun of Germanic origin, related to Latin deus ‘god’.
- artillery (n.)
- late 14c., "warlike munitions," from Anglo-French artillerie, Old French artillerie (14c.), from artillier "to provide with engines of war" (13c.), which probably is from Medieval Latin articulum "art, skill," diminutive of Latin ars (genitive artis) "art." But some would connect it with Latin articulum "joint," and still others with Old French atillier "to equip," altered by influence of arte. Sense of "engines for discharging missiles" (catapults, slings, bows, etc.) is from late 15c.; that of "ordnance, large guns" is from 1530s.
- 1. The city has been flattened by heavy artillery bombardments.
- 2. Enemy forces lobbed a series of artillery shells onto the city.
- 3. Some of those artillery pieces look a little elderly.
- 4. They traded artillery fire with government forces inside the city.
- 5. The two sides exchanged fire with artillery, mortars and small arms.
[ artillery 造句 ]