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1. arthr- + -itis (inflammatory disease suffix).
2. => inflammation of a joint.
3. artus "a joint" => art- "a joint" => arthr-. <= arm.
词根arthr, 关节，来自词根ar, 连接。-itis, 炎症。
- arthritis:  Greek árthron meant ‘joint’ (it is used in various technical terms in biology, such as arthropod ‘creature, such as an insect, with jointed limbs’). It came from the Indo-European root *ar- ‘put things together, join, fit’, which also produced Latin artus ‘limb’ (source of English article) and English arm, as well as art. The compound arthritis is a Greek formation (-itis was originally simply an adjectival suffix, so arthritis meant ‘of the joints’ – with ‘disease’ understood; its application to ‘inflammatory diseases’ is a relatively modern development); it reached English via Latin.
=> arm, art, article
- arthritis (n.)
- "inflammation of a joint," 1540s, from medical Latin arthritis, from Greek (nosos) arthritis "(disease) of the joints," from arthritis, fem. of arthrites (adj.) "pertaining to joints" (Greek nosos is a fem. noun), from arthron "a joint" (see arm (n.1)).
- 1. New ways to treat arthritis may provide an alternative to painkillers.
- 2. Some cases of arthritis respond to a gluten-free diet.
- 3. Arthritis and rheumatism are prominent crippling diseases.
- 4. degenerative diseases such as arthritis
- 5. Rheumatoid arthritis has also been linked with the virus.
[ arthritis 造句 ]