英 [ə'pɒstrəfɪ] 美 [ə'pɑstrəfi]
  • n. 省略符号,撇号;呼语,顿呼
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1. apo- "away" + stroph- + -e.
2. 其本义为:(the accent of) turning away.
3. 由此转指:a mark showing where a letter has been omitted.
4. In English, the mark often represents loss of -e- in -es, possessive ending.
apostrophe 撇号

前缀apo-, 从,从...离开。-strophe, 转,同stir, 搅动。

apostrophe: [17] Apostrophe comes originally from the Greek phrase prosōidiā apóstrophos, literally ‘accent of turning away’, hence, a mark showing where a letter or sound has been omitted. Apóstrophos itself was derived from the compound verb apostréphein, formed from the prefix apo- ‘away’ and the verb stréphein ‘turn’ (related to the second element of catastrophe [16], whose Greek original meant literally ‘overturning’). English acquired the word via French and Latin.
=> catastrophe
apostrophe (n.)
mark indicating omitted letter, 1580s, from Middle French apostrophe, from Late Latin apostrophus, from Greek apostrophos (prosoidia) "(the accent of) turning away," thus, a mark showing where a letter has been omitted, from apostrephein "avert, turn away," from apo- "from" (see apo-) + strephein "to turn" (see strophe).

In English, the mark often represents loss of -e- in -es, possessive ending. It was being extended to all possessives, whether they ever had an -e- or not, by 18c. Greek also used this word for a "turning aside" of an orator in speech to address some individual, a sense first recorded in English 1530s.
1. "It's" (with an apostrophe) should be used only as a contraction for "it is".


2. There should be an apostrophe here, and look, you've missed out the word "men" altogether!


3. Answer these questions, using the words in parentheses. Put the apostrophe in the right place.
用句后括号中的词或词组来回答问题, 注意撇号的位置.


4. When you contract a word or two words you need to add apostrophe .


5. 'What ,'said Mr. Cruncher, varying his apostrophe after missing his mark --'what are you , up to, Aggerawayter?'
“ 你又在玩什么花样, ”克朗彻先生没打中目标, 便改变了问候方式.“又找麻烦是不是? ”

来自英汉文学 - 双城记