英 [ə'pɑːtheɪt; ə'pɑːtaɪd]
apart, 分开。-heid, 荷兰语后缀，同英语-hood, 见childhood. 指南非的种族隔离政策。
- apartheid:  Apartheid is a direct borrowing from Afrikaans apartheid, literally ‘separateness’, which is a compound based on Dutch apart and the suffix -heid (related to English -hood). The first record of its use in Afrikaans is in 1929, but it does not appear in English-language contexts until 1947.
- apartheid (n.)
- 1947 (policy begun 1948), from Afrikaans apartheid (1929 in a South African socio-political context), literally "separateness," from Dutch apart "separate" (from French àpart; see apart) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood. The official English synonym was separate development (1955).
"Segregation" is such an active word that it suggests someone is trying to segregate someone else. So the word "apartheid" was introduced. Now it has such a stench in the nostrils of the world, they are referring to "autogenous development." [Alan Paton, "New York Times," Oct. 24, 1960]
- 1. Young and old saw in him an implacable opponent of apartheid.
- 2. He praised her role in the struggle against apartheid.
- 3. The apartheid system which enshrined racism in law still existed.
- 4. When apartheid is over the maladies will linger on.
- 5. Apartheid used tribalism as the basis of its "divide-and-rule" homeland policies.
[ apartheid 造句 ]