- adj. 古老的，年代久远的；过时的，古董的；古风的，古式的
- n. 古董，古玩；古风，古希腊和古罗马艺术风格
- vi. 觅购古玩
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. anti- "before" + *okw- "appearance" + -e.
2. anti- 词根的本义是 before 这里引申为 before times, former times, ancient times. 也就是以前的时光、古代。
3. *okw- 本义是 see 这里引申为 appearance，即样子、外观、外貌、面貌。*okw- 的同源词：ocular, ogle, optic, myopia.
5. => aged, venerable.
- antique:  Originally, in Latin, antique was an adjectivized version of the adverb and preposition ‘before’: to ante ‘before’ was added the adjective suffix -īcus, to produce the adjective antīquus (somewhat later an exactly parallel formation, using the suffix -ānus rather than -īcus, produced the adjective which became English ancient).
English acquired the word either via French antique or directly from Latin. To begin with, and until relatively recently, it meant simply ‘ancient’, or specifically ‘of the ancient world’; it was only towards the end of the 18th century that the modern sense ‘made long ago and therefore collectable’ began to become established. In Italian, antico (from Latin antīquus) was often applied to grotesque carvings found in ancient remains.
It was borrowed into English in the 16th century as an adjective, antic, meaning ‘bizarre’, but also as a noun, usually used in the plural, in the sense ‘absurd behaviour’.
=> ancient, antic
- antique (adj.)
- 1530s, "aged, venerable," from Middle French antique "old" (14c.), from Latin antiquus (later anticus) "ancient, former, of olden times; old, long in existence, aged; venerable; old-fashioned," from PIE *anti in sense of "before" (see ante) + *okw- "appearance" (see eye (n.)). Originally pronounced in English like its parallel antic, but French pronunciation and spelling were adopted from c. 1700.
- antique (n.)
- "an old and collectible thing," 1771, from antique (adj.).
- antique (v.)
- "to give an antique appearance to," 1896, from antique (adj.). Related: Antiqued; antiquing.
- 1. He finds material at auctions, antique shops and flea markets.
- 2. They are available in polished brass, antique brass or silver-plate.
- 3. Windsor Castle is quite literally an antique treasure trove.
- 4. He claimed he ploughed all his money into his antique business.
- 5. He wears designer clothes and drives an antique car.
[ antique 造句 ]