TEM4 IELTS GRE TOEFL
1. 该词是由 antiphon 简化、音变而来。
2. anti- => ant-, ph => f => h, o => e, n => m.
4. antiphon: anti- "over against" + phon- "voice" => "a verse or song sung responsively", 其简单直译就是：对唱、唱对台戏，由此引申为轮流吟唱的作品。
7. 【记】an theme 主旋律,主题曲；音：俺圣母，天主教徒圣歌就是唱“俺圣母”
来自希腊词antiphona传入古英语的变体。前缀anti-, 相对。词根phone, 声音，歌。指对歌，神圣的音乐。后在英语里特指国歌。
- anthem: [OE] Anthem is ultimately an alteration of antiphon ‘scriptural verse said or sung as a response’ (which was independently reborrowed into English from ecclesiastical Latin in the 15th century). It comes from Greek antíphōnos ‘responsive’, a compound formed from anti- ‘against’ and phōné ‘sound’ (source of English phonetic, telephone, etc).
By the time it had become established in Old English, antiphon had already developed to antefn, and gradually the /v/ sound of the f became assimilated to the following n, producing antemne and eventually antem. The spelling with th begins to appear in the 15th century, perhaps influenced by Old French anthaine; it gradually altered the pronunciation.
The meaning ‘antiphon’ died out in the 18th century, having been succeeded by ‘piece of choral church music’ and more generally ‘song of praise’. The specific application to a ‘national song’ began in the 19th century.
=> antiphon, phonetic, telephone
- anthem (n.)
- Old English ontemn, antefn, "a composition (in prose or verse) sung antiphonally," from Late Latin antefana, from Greek antiphona "verse response" (see antiphon). Sense evolved to "a composition set to sacred music" (late 14c.), then "song of praise or gladness" (1590s). Used in reference to the English national song (technically, as OED points out, a hymn) and extended to those of other nations. Modern spelling is from late 16c., perhaps an attempt to make the word look more Greek.
- 1. At his bidding, the delegates rose and sang the national anthem.
- 2. During the playing of the national anthem the crowd roared and whistled.
- 3. And then the orchestra struck up the National Anthem.
- 4. They were to fire a salvo of blanks, after the national anthem.
- 5. The European anthem was played at the opening and closing ceremonies.
[ anthem 造句 ]