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【记】muse 缪斯 文艺音乐诗歌女神，尤其是音乐；文艺是拿来娱乐的。
前缀a-同ad-. muse, 沉思，思考。古义指不用干话，有时间思考学习，现指有时间休闲娱乐。比较sport, 古义不用干活，现指有时间运动。school, 古义不用干活，现指有时间读书。
- amuse:  Amuse is probably a French creation, formed with the prefix a- from the verb muser (from which English gets muse ‘ponder’ ). The current meaning ‘divert, entertain’ did not begin to emerge until the 17th century, and even so the commonest application of the verb in the 17th and 18th centuries was ‘deceive, cheat’. This seems to have developed from an earlier ‘bewilder, puzzle’, pointing back to an original sense ‘make someone stare open-mouthed’.
This links with the probable source of muser, namely muse ‘animal’s mouth’, from medieval Latin mūsum (which gave English muzzle ). There is no connection with the inspirational muse, responsible for music and museums.
=> muse, muzzle
- amuse (v.)
- late 15c., "to divert the attention, beguile, delude," from Middle French amuser "divert, cause to muse," from a "at, to" (but here probably a causal prefix) + muser "ponder, stare fixedly" (see muse (v.)). Sense of "divert from serious business, tickle the fancy of" is recorded from 1630s, but through 18c. the primary meaning was "deceive, cheat" by first occupying the attention. Bemuse retains more of the original meaning. Related: Amused; amusing.
- 1. Their antics never fail to amuse.
- 2. He could amuse us for hours with his stories of the theater.
- 3. Tom makes up stories to amuse his little brother.
- 4. They sang songs to amuse themselves during the break.
- 5. How do you amuse yourself in rainy weather?
[ amuse 造句 ]