1. ammon + -ia.
2. Ammon 是古埃及神话中的主神、太阳神，由于“氨”这种物质是从 Ammon 神庙附近发现的另一种物质中提取出来的，所以后来瑞典的一个化学家就使用 Ammon 这个神话人物的名字加上一个化学名称后缀 -ia 来命名该物质。
3. ammonia => am- + -ine / -in => amine / amin => amin-: 氨基-，胺-。
- ammonia:  Ammonia gets its name ultimately from Amon, or Amen, the Egyptian god of life and reproduction. Near the temple of Amon in Libya were found deposits of ammonium chloride, which was hence named sal ammoniac – ‘salt of Amon’. The gas nitrogen hydride is derived from sal ammoniac, and in 1782 the Swedish chemist Torbern Bergman coined the term ammonia for it.
- ammonia (n.)
- 1799, Modern Latin, coined 1782 by Swedish chemist Torbern Bergman (1735-1784) for gas obtained from sal ammoniac, salt deposits containing ammonium chloride found near temple of Jupiter Ammon (from Egyptian God Amun) in Libya, from Greek ammoniakos "belonging to Ammon." The shrine was ancient already in Augustus' day, and the salts were prepared "from the sands where the camels waited while their masters prayed for good omens" [Shipley].
There also was a gum form of sal ammoniac, from a wild plant that grew near the shrine, and across North Africa and Asia. A less likely theory traces the name to Greek Armeniakon "Armenian," because the substance also was found in Armenia. Also known as spirit of hartshorn and volatile or animal alkali.
- 1. Hydrogen is used extensively in industry for the production of ammonia.
- 2. Substances such as ammonia give out heat when they dissolve.
- 3. Ammonia is used as a restorative when a person has fainted.
- 4. The smelling of ammonia brought himaround.
- 5. The amide nitrogen of glutamine or asparagine functions more effectively than ammonia.
[ ammonia 造句 ]