### alternative

• n. 二中择一；供替代的选择
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6

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1. altern- + -ative.
2. => offering one or the other of two.
3. Alternate means "by turns;" alternative means "offering a choice." Both imply two kinds or things.
1580s, "offering one or the other of two," from Medieval Latin alternativus, from Latin alternatus, past participle of alternare (see alternate (v.)). Meaning "purporting to be a superior choice to what is in general use" was current by 1970 (earliest reference is to the media). Alternative energy is from 1975. Related: Alternatively.
alternative (n.)
1620s, in rhetoric, from Medieval Latin alternativus (see alternative (adj.)). Of courses of action, from 1814. Of objects, etc., "the other of two which may be chosen," by 1838.
1. New ways to treat arthritis may provide an alternative to painkillers.

2. It seems clear that he has no reasonable alternative.

3. There may be alternative methods of substantiation other than written records.

4. Is there an alternative to traction for a broken leg?

5. I was interested in alternative medicine and becoming an aromatherapist.