CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 CET6
1、agon- + -y.
5. 和 ecstasy 一起记，电影《The Agony and the Ecstasy》（即：《痛苦与狂喜》，又被翻译为《万世千秋》）描述了米开朗基罗(Michelangelo)画梵地冈西斯廷教堂屋顶壁画的经历。
来自词根ag, 做。此处指比赛, 比赛中的精神压力，痛苦，折磨。
- agony:  Agony is one of the more remote relatives of that prolific Latin verb agere (see AGENT). Its ultimate source is the Greek verb ágein ‘lead’, which comes from the same Indo- European root as agere. Related to ágein was the Greek noun agón, originally literally ‘a bringing of people together to compete for a prize’, hence ‘contest, conflict’ (which has been borrowed directly into English as agon, a technical term for the conflict between the main characters in a work of literature).
Derived from agón was agōníā ‘(mental) struggle, anguish’, which passed into English via either late Latin agōnia or French agonie. The sense of physical suffering did not develop until the 17th century; hitherto, agony had been reserved for mental stress. The first mention of an agony column comes in the magazine Fun in 1863.
- agony (n.)
- late 14c., "mental suffering" (especially that of Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane), from Old French agonie, agoine "anguish, terror, death agony" (14c.), and directly from Late Latin agonia, from Greek agonia "a (mental) struggle for victory," originally "a struggle for victory in the games," from agon "assembly for a contest," from agein "to lead" (see act (n.)). Sense of "extreme bodily suffering" first recorded c. 1600.
- 1. The Aussie was in agony with a broken finger.
- 2. He fell awkwardly and went down in agony clutching his right knee.
- 3. He staggered around the playground, screaming in agony.
- 4. His face screwed up in agony.
- 5. He was writhing in agony.
[ agony 造句 ]