前缀a-, 加强。-ghast同ghost, 见鬼了。
- aghast:  Aghast was originally the past participle of a verb, agasten ‘frighten’, which in turn was based on the Old English verb gǣstan ‘torment’. The spelling with gh did not finally become established until the 18th century, and in fact aghast was the last in a series of etymologically related words in the general semantic area of ‘fear’ and ‘horror’ to undergo this transformation. It seems to have acquired its gh by association with ghastly, which in turn got it from ghost (probably under the ultimate influence of Flemish gheest).
- aghast (adj.)
- c. 1300, agast, "terrified," past participle of Middle English agasten "to frighten" (c. 1200), from a- intensive prefix + Old English gæstan "to terrify," from gæst "spirit, ghost" (see ghost). The -gh- spelling appeared early 15c. in Scottish and is possibly a Flemish influence, or after ghost, etc. It became general after 1700.
- 1. Tania stared at him aghast, unable to speak.
- 2. His colleagues were aghast at the sackings.
- 3. She watched aghast as his life flowed away.
- 4. Erica looked at him aghast.
- 5. She was aghast at the extent of the damage to her car.
[ aghast 造句 ]