CET6 TEM8 IELTS GRE TOEFL
前缀af-同ad-, 去，往。词根flict, 击打，见conflict, 冲突。
前缀af-同ad-, 去，往。词根flu, 流动，流出。
- afflict:  When it originally entered English, afflict meant ‘overthrow’, reflecting its origins in Latin afflīgere ‘throw down’, a compound verb formed from the prefix ad- ‘to’ and flīgere ‘strike’. English afflict comes either from the Latin past participle afflictus, from a new Latin verb formed from this, afflictāre, or perhaps from the now obsolete English adjective afflict, which was borrowed from Old French aflit and refashioned on the Latin model. The meaning ‘torment, distress’ developed in the early 16th century.
- afflict (v.)
- late 14c., "to cast down," from Old French aflicter, from Latin afflictare "to damage, harass, torment," frequentative of affligere (past participle afflictus) "to dash down, overthrow," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + fligere (past participle flictus) "to strike," from PIE root *bhlig- "to strike" (cognates: Greek phlibein "to press, crush," Czech blizna "scar," Welsh blif "catapult"). Transferred meaning of "trouble, distress," is first recorded 1530s. Related: Afflicted; afflicting.
- 1. There are two main problems which afflict people with hearing impairments.
- 2. They may grant you power, honour, and riches but afflict you with servitude, infamy, and poverty.
- 他们可以给你权力 、 荣誉和财富,但却用奴役 、 耻辱和贫穷来折磨你.
- 3. Famine and war still afflict mankind.
- 4. I wish you wouldn't afflict me with your constant complains.
- 5. The same problem will surely afflict any future purchases in fashion.
[ afflict 造句 ]