1530s, "far ahead in the course of actions or ideas," past participle adjective from advance (v.). Of studies, from 1790. Military use is from 1795. In late 19c. used especially in reference to views on women's equality.
1. The way Swedes integrate immigrants is, she feels, 100% more advanced.
2. The gentleman, despite his advanced years, helped Kathryn back to her seat.
3. The demonstrators fled when soldiers toting machine guns advanced on the crowd.
4. "Medicare" is available to victims of advanced kidney disease.
5. The report ranks the UK 20th out of 22 advanced nations.