- vt. 取得；获得；实现；成功
- vi. 达到预期的目的，实现预期的结果，如愿以偿
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. 同源词：achieve, chief, chef, mischief.
前缀a-同ad-, 去，往。-chieve同chief, 头，来自词根cap, 头，见captain,队长。指到头，达到。
- achieve:  Achieve is related to chief. It comes from Old French achever ‘bring to an end’, or literally ‘bring to a head’, which was based on the phrase a chief ‘to a head’ (chief derives ultimately from Latin caput ‘head’). The heraldic meaning of achievement, ‘coat of arms’, comes from the notion that the escutcheon was granted as a reward for a particular achievement. Over the centuries it has evolved an alternative form, hatchment .
=> chief, hatchment
- achieve (v.)
- early 14c., from Old French achever (12c.) "to finish, accomplish, complete," from phrase à chef (venir) "at an end, finished," or Vulgar Latin *accapare, from Late Latin ad caput (venire); both the French and Late Latin phrases meaning literally "to come to a head," from stem of Latin caput "head" (see capitulum).
The Lat. caput, towards the end of the Empire, and in Merov[ingian] times, took the sense of an end, whence the phrase ad caput venire, in the sense of to come to an end .... Venire ad caput naturally produced the Fr. phrase venir à chef = venir à bout. ... From this chief, O.Fr. form of chef (q.v.) in sense of term, end, comes the Fr. compd. achever = venir à chef, to end, finish. [Auguste Brachet, "An Etymological Dictionary of the French Language," transl. G.W. Kitchin, Oxford, 1878]
Related: Achieved; achieving.
- 1. I asked McKeown if the reunion was meant to achieve closure.
- 2. Car firms are desperate to achieve economies of scale.
- 3. There are many who will work hard to achieve these goals.
- 4. It had been an uphill struggle to achieve what she had wanted.
- 5. Women have yet to achieve wage or occupational parity in many fields.
[ achieve 造句 ]