英 ['æks(ə)nt; -sent]
- n. 口音；重音；强调；特点；重音符号
- vt. 强调；重读；带…口音讲话
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
1. cantus => chant; cantus => accent (ac- + cant- => *accant- => accent).
2. cant- (cantare: sing): accent, cant, chant, enchant, incantation.
前缀ac-同ad-. 词根cent,唱,同chant, 咏唱。字面意思指说话像唱歌，后指口音。后指先说后唱，强调。
- accent:  Accent was originally a loantranslation from Greek into Latin (a loantranslation is when each constituent of a compound in one language is translated into its equivalent in another, and then reassembled into a new compound). Greek prosōidíā (whence English prosody) was formed from pros ‘to’ and ōidé ‘song’ (whence English ode); these elements were translated into Latin ad ‘to’ and cantus ‘song’ (whence English chant, cant, cantata, canticle), giving accentus.
The notion underlying this combination of ‘to’ and ‘song’ was of a song added to speech – that is, the intonation of spoken language. The sense of a particular mode of pronunciation did not arise in English until the 16th century.
=> cant, cantata, canticle, chant
- accent (n.)
- late 14c., "particular mode of pronunciation," from Middle French accent, from Old French acent (13c.), from Latin accentus "song added to speech," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + cantus "a singing," past participle of canere "to sing" (see chant (v.)). Loan-translation of Greek prosoidia, from pros- "to" + oide "song," which apparently described the pitch scheme in Greek verse. The decorating sense of "something that emphasizes or highlights" is from 1972.
- accent (v.)
- "to pronounce with accent or stress," 1520s, from Middle French accenter, from Old French acenter, from acent (see accent (n.)). Related: Accented; accenting.
- 1. Accentuate the word " accent " on the first syllable.
- 在 “ accent ” 一词的第一个音节上加重音符号.
- 2. There is often a strong accent on material success.
- 3. Her Irish accent, after thirty-odd years in London, is undiluted.
- 4. Brand's keen ear caught the trace of an accent.
- 5. Joe had a low, guttural voice with a mid-Western accent.
[ accent 造句 ]