英 [əb'zɔːb; -'sɔːb]
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- absorb:  Absorb comes, via French absorber, from Latin absorbēre, a compound verb formed from the prefix ab- ‘away’ and sorbēre ‘suck up, swallow’. Words connected with drinking and swallowing quite often contain the sounds s or sh, r, and b or p – Arabic, for instance, has surāb, which gave us syrup – and this noisy gulping seems to have been reflected in an Indo- European base, *srobh-, which lies behind both Latin sorbēre and Greek ropheín ‘suck up’.
- absorb (v.)
- early 15c., from Middle French absorber (Old French assorbir, 13c.), from Latin absorbere "to swallow up," from ab- "from" (see ab-) + sorbere "suck in," from PIE root *srebh- "to suck, absorb" (cognates: Armenian arbi "I drank," Greek rhopheo "to sup greedily up, gulp down," Lithuanian srebiu "to drink greedily"). Figurative meaning "to completely grip (one's) attention" is from 1763. Related: Absorbed; absorbing.
- 1. The material can absorb outward-going radiation from the Earth.
- 2. The banks would be forced to absorb large losses.
- 3. His ability to absorb bits of disconnected information was astonishing.
- 4. Steel barriers can bend and absorb the shock.
- 5. We can't absorb those costs.
[ absorb 造句 ]