1805, from Latin abras-, past participle stem of abradere "to scrape away, shave off" (see abrasion) + -ive. Figurative sense of "tending to provoke anger" is first recorded 1925. Related: Abrasively; abrasiveness.
1. His abrasive wit and caustic comments were an interviewer's nightmare.
2. Women sometimes damage their skin by going overboard with abrasive cleansers.
3. Pamela was unrepentant about her strong language and abrasive remarks.
4. His direct, often abrasive approach will doubtless ruffle a few feathers.
5. An abrasive material is unsuitable for cleaning baths.