continent name attributed to Scottish cartographer John George Bartholomew (1860-1920), who used it on a map published 1887. From antarctic (q.v.). Hypothetical southern continents had been imagined since antiquity; first sighting of Antarctica by Europeans probably was 1820 (Lazarev and Bellingshausen). Also compare Antipodes.
1. Both Chile and Argentina feel very strongly about their territorial claims to Antarctica.
2. ANTARCTICA, that bleak, white place, still defies full understanding.
3. The greater portion of Antarctica is still terra nullius.
4. Antarctica has always inspired grandiose schemes.