- cut[cut 词源字典]
- cut:  There is no direct evidence that Old English had the word cut – the Old English terms were sceran ‘shear’, ceorfan ‘carve’, and hēawan ‘hew’ – but many etymologists have speculated that a pre-Conquest *cyttan did exist. Forms such as Norwegian kutte ‘cut’, Swedish kåta ‘whittle’, and Icelandic kuta ‘cut with a knife’ suggest an origin in a North Germanīc base *kut-.
[cut etymology, cut origin, 英语词源]
- cut (v.)
- late 13c., possibly Scandinavian, from North Germanic *kut- (cognates: Swedish dialectal kuta "to cut," kuta "knife," Old Norse kuti "knife"), or from Old French couteau "knife." Replaced Old English ceorfan (see carve (v.)), sniþan, and scieran (see shear). Meaning "to be absent without excuse" is British university slang from 1794. To cut a pack of cards is from 1590s. Related: Cutting.
- cut (n.)
- 1520s, "gash, incision," from cut (v.); meaning "piece cut off" is from 1590s; sense of "a wounding sarcasm" is from 1560s.